The types of heart valve prolapse
One type of heart valve disease is valvular prolapse. This occurs when the valves do not close properly because the flaps either slip out of place or bulge upward. As a result of the uneven or improper closure, blood may leak backward, disturbing the normal forward direction of the blood flow.
Here are the types of heart valve prolapse:
Mitral valve prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse is the more common type of heart valve prolapse. It is also known as click-murmur syndrome, Barlow’s syndrome, or floppy valve syndrome.
This occurs when the two flaps of the mitral valve do not close properly. A part or the entire flap of the mitral valve bulges–or prolapses–upward into the left atrium whenever the two ventricles contract.
Tricuspid, pulmonary and aortic valve prolapse
The other types of heart valve prolapse affects the other valves. As in the first case, the valve flaps or leaflets fail to fully close into a tight seal.
A tricuspid prolapse usually affects three leaflets.
Detection and treatment of heart valve prolapse
For a mitral valve prolapse, the cause can be attributed to genetics, such as when a person is born with the risk of developing this type of heart valve prolapse.
Heart valve prolapse can also be caused by medical conditions, such as people with connective-tissue diseases, like Marfan syndrome, which are diseases that affect certain tissues in the body.
The types of heart valve prolapse are mostly harmless and may even go undetected without any effect on a person’s health.
However, some symptoms include: