What is Ethinyl Estradiol + Levonorgestrel used for?
Ethinyl estradiol + levonorgestrel is commonly used for contraception, dysmenorrhea, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
How should I take Ethinyl Estradiol + Levonorgestrel?
Read the directions on the packaging for complete information. Check the label and expiration date.
For oral dosage forms, swallow it whole without chewing, crushing, or dissolving it in liquid. It is best to take them at the same time each day.
How do I store Ethinyl Estradiol + Levonorgestrel?
Store this product at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. To prevent drug damage, you should not store it in the bathroom or the freezer.
There may be different brands of this drug that may have different storage needs. So, it is important to always check the product package for instructions on storage, or ask your pharmacist. For safety, you should keep all medicines away from children and pets.
You should not flush this product down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Additionally, it is important to properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Precautions & Warnings
What should I know before using Ethinyl Estradiol + Levonorgestrel?
Caution should be observed in patients older than 40 years. When using the drug, it is recommended to conduct an annual gynecological cytology control.
Smoking can increase the frequency and severity of side effects.
When planning pregnancy, it should be discontinued 3 months before its intended use and the occurrence of non-hormonal method of contraception.
Before using this drug, tell your doctor if you are/have:
- Pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Taking any other medicines. This includes any prescription, OTC, and herbal remedies.
- An allergy to any of the ingredients of this product.
- Any other illnesses, disorders, or medical conditions.
Is it safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding?
This medicine is used to prevent pregnancy and should not be taken during pregnancy. However, if the pill fails or you miss pills and you do get pregnant while taking it, there is no evidence to suggest that the pills you have already taken will harm the baby. If you think you could be pregnant while taking this pill you should stop taking it and consult your doctor immediately.
The hormones in this pill can reduce the production of breast milk. For this reason, it is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding. It should not be used until weaning, or at least six months after the birth. Other methods of contraception are more suitable for women who are breastfeeding. Ask your doctor for advice.
What side effects can occur from Ethinyl Estradiol + Levonorgestrel?
Like all drugs, this product may have side effects. If they occur, side effects are generally mild and resolve once treatment is finished or the dose is lowered. Some reported side effects include:
- Abdominal pain
- Headache/ migraine
- Breast tenderness and enlargement
- Weight changes
- Retention of water in the body tissues (fluid retention)
- Vaginal thrush (candidiasis)
- Change in menstrual bleeding (usually lighter periods or sometimes stopping of periods)
- Menstrual spotting or breakthrough bleeding
- Decreased sex drive
- Rise in blood pressure
- Skin reactions
- Irregular brown patches on the skin (chloasma)
- Steepening of corneal curvature (which may make contact lenses uncomfortable)
- Disturbance in liver function
- Blood clots in the blood vessels (e.g., DVT, pulmonary embolism, heart attack, stroke – see warnings above)
However, not everyone experiences these side effects. In addition, some people may experience other side effects. So, if you have any concerns about a side effect, please consult your doctor or pharmacist.